Monday, August 6, 2007

Population of India

In this paper, I will try to examine the current situations of the Indian population. Also I will try to identify problem that surround the Indian population and take a look at the means the government of India did in order to solve perceived problems.

The world’s biggest dilemma is the day-by-day struggle for survival and the scarcity of resources due to increased population. Over six billion people are estimated in the world population today and this increase in number cannot be prevented because of the high rate of fertility and the low rate of mortality. This means that more babies are being born than people dying. India is one of the countries considered as mere contributing factors of the growing population. It is the country of high population growth and has more than one billion people.

Because of its unstoppable increase in number, many Indians are suffering in the state of poverty. Most of them are deprived and exploited. This exploitation will bring forth further devastation of the country’s resources. This immediate concern on economic condition and the depletion of resources matters on the availability of the resources, the energy consumption and production capacity. Thus, population growth is sometimes thought to be a resort of the country’s development but on the contrary, this becomes a burden to the public and to the government if not backed up by good policies and programs. Large population means large consumer groups but can also be translated to large purchasing power and large work force that is essential in an economy.

“India has more than 1 billion people and approximately 16.7% of the world’s population” ( There are estimated 324 people in every square kilometer. In age structures: “0-14 years 31.7% (male 173,869,856; female 164,003,915); 15- 64 years, 63.5% (male 349,785,804; female 326,289,402); 65 years and over, 4.8% (male 25,885,725; female 25,235,905) (2004 estimate)” ( The growth rate in populations is estimated to be 1.44% as of the year 2004. Like most countries; the birth rate in India is higher than the death rate. In every 1000 people in India, 22.8 births and only 8.30 deaths are reported. Furthermore, there are only 57.92 deaths reported for every 1000 live births, which is a big imbalance.

The life expectancy in India is “63.99 years for the whole population” ( Females are said to have higher life expectancy than men. Every woman is equated with 2.85 children which is extremely high compared to other countries. It was also reported in India as of the year 2001 that 3.97 million of its populations is infected with the deadly HIV disease and there were already 310,000 people who died because of the said sickness. Again, poor sanitation, poor lifestyles and lack of knowledge were some of the perceived reasons for the high number of HIV cases and the high number of deaths.
“There are three ethnic groups in India. Among its people, 72% are Indo-Aryan, 25% are Dravidian and 3% are Mongoloids and others” (, para.5). Regarding its literacy rates, which are defined by 15 years of age number of people that can read and write, it was reported that 59.5% is literate among the total population. Among males, literacy rate is 70.2% and among women is 48.3% as of 2003. The figure also implies that a man is move likely to have education than women.

Given the reported figures above, the Republic of India is basically faced with the problem of population control. Facing the problem of high population rate also tells us that it is also facing the problems given by high population. In this regard, the Indian Government has a very rigorous and difficult jobs.

The burden in finding solutions to India’s population explosion resides mainly on its own government. In its quest to find answers in controlling population rate increase, the government made measures to solve the problems. These measures are the ones we will discuss further in this paper.

In terms of legislation, the Government of India passed the “Child Marriage Restraint Act in 1976” (, para.9). To put muscle on the government’s quest for a solution to the high population increase, mandated was the “strict enforcement of Child Marriage were Restraint Act, 1976” (, para.9). Child marriages was not only discouraged by the Indian government but also made it a legislations in order to emphasizes its importance. There is indeed a need for the Indian government to act now in dealing with population problem. “A cash incentive of Rs. 500 is awarded to mothers who have their first child after 19 years of age, for birth of the first or second child only” ( The Indian government is indeed serious in their quests to halt population high rate increase. They even spend money for rewards to people who dows not get pregnant at an early age. Facilities for safe abortion were also strengthened in India to furthers address population growth. This is quite unconventional but practical means in order to fight high population growth which has been a very hard enemy.

Many of these Indians below poverty line do not also have the benefit of what a person coming from a rich family will experience in terms of health care and education. High population results to high poverty rate on most cases such as in India. The Indian government is not only facing population problem but also the status of many Indians living below poverty line. To address this problem, the Indian government also made measures in addressing health care; “couples below the poverty line, who undergo sterilization with not more than two living children, would become eligible (along with children) for health insurance (for hospitalization) not exceeding Rs. 5000, and a personal accident insurance coverage for the spouse undergoing sterilization.” Making a person infertile is also part of the huge campaign against the high level of population uncrossed in the Republic of India.

To also address the problem of poverty, the government of India side that “increased vocational training schemes for girls leading to self-employment will be encouraged” (, para.12). To be employed is very much needed, and it is of big help to people living below the poverty lines, especially when they are raising children. Beyond being employed, it is also the aim of training to empower women in terms of their capacity and role in the society, which is a very important aspect of the well being of a woman not only in India but also in different parts of the world. Women empowerment is one essential part in order for a country to succeed and to be strong. Society is not about men alone; it is between the teamwork of men and women empowered and ready to face the challenges of today’s time.

There is also the lack of education among Indians; that is why many of them don’t have the proper knowledge in terms of reproductive health issues and how to execute family planning methods. Low education levels is mostly in rural areas in India where transportation seem to be a problem. Government service is at times in a difficult situation in reaching these communities; a big part of the education campaign of the government of India is the education on reproductive health and family planning method. This step is a very important means in achieving the government’s goals and dream to reduce population high increase among its people.

Basically, in order to fight high population increase the Indian government focused on implementing means such as legislation against early marriage, insurance for families below poverty level, abortion facility rehabilitation, rewards and education.

In conclusion, India is a very rich country in terms of its potential to be a powerful nation in terms of economy and armed forces. This is due to the facts that it has a high population. India has more than 1 billion people and approximately 16.7% of the world’s population. There are estimated 324 people in every square kilometer. The growth rate in population is estimated to be 1.44% as of the year 2004. High population can be a great potential for a country, but can also be dangerous at times. By this moment in time, the government of India is still in its battle to fight the negative effects of population explosion such as poverty, lack of health care and lack of education.

To fight high population increase the Indian government focused on implementing means such as legislations against early marriage, insurance for families below poverty level, abortion facility rehabilitation, rewards and education. In the near future, great success will then be visible in the Indians’ quest to fight the rapid population growth of their country. As long as there is the constant dedication of the people and the government, goals will always be achieved. Nothing is impossible in this world. Even bad situations can be turned into good ones.


Pallikadavath, S& Stones, R. W. (2006). Maternal and Social Factors Associated with Abortion In India: A Population-Based Study. Retrieved August 2, 2007 from

Promotional and Motivational Measures for Adoption of the Small family norm (n.d.). Retrieved August 2, 2007 from

Population Policy (n.d.). Organization Population Conciel. Retrieved August 2, 2007 from

India will overcome China in population by 2030, (n.d.) : United Nation Retrieved August 2, 2007 from (2006), India Economy. Retrieved in August 6, 2007 from (2006), Population of India. Retrieved in August 6, 2007 from (2007), Social Isuues in India. Retrieved in August 6, 2007 from

Medical Care in India

According to the daily Yomiuri, in Emerging India; Foreigners taking advantage of cheap, high-quality medical care, “India celebrates the 60th anniversary of its independence this year, and where the nation is heading. In this article the author comparer between the private and public health service in India; he also show us the average of the medical cost in the world wide and India. Moreover, in this article we can see also the problem of Indian people that they don’t have enough service of medical care, because of the population and the few small number of doctors.

First, India still has a good background in medical care; a lot of Indian doctor work outside India because people believe in the medical service of it. In a privet clinic in New Delhi, 5,500 operations are conducted annually, and the success rate of the operations stands at 99.2 percent. According to the author. India provides a perfect medical service “the cost of treatment at the hospital is much cheaper than in other countries.” according to Hanada. Second, the government of India invites the people to enjoy the perfect and cheapest health service and she has “First World treatment at Third World prices." Medical Visas have started start in India since 2006, “visas are valid for a year, but can be extended if doctors issue certificates,” according to the government of India. In India there are a lot of places which are very neutral and there is a huge number of hospitals in India that look likes parks. “The minister said foreign patients and those accompanying them should enjoy playing golf or visiting places of scenic beauty and historic interest after operations in India, using money that would otherwise have been used for treatment in their own country,” according to Ambika Soni, the man who created the new type of visa. Hospitals in India try to get certification from the Joint Commission International, “five hospitals already have obtained certification,” according to JCI. India produces many doctors; some of them take an advantage in British and US .“India is thus becoming a medical power” according to Yomiuri. Worldwide there became interest in the private hospital of India because the perfect service that the has it, but in the other hand the public medical serves became worst on it, there are several reasons for that the general one that the doctors who work in the public service changed to the privet because the salary is very good. “As gaps between rich and poor widen in society as a whole, the situation likely will get worse.” according to Hanada.

People became interested about medical care in India, because private hospitals in India provide cheap and high quality service. Medical service costs a lot of money not only in the US but also around the world. For example, “James Shipp, 50, who came from Houston to accompany his 58-year-old cousin who underwent a cardiac operation at the hospital, and his cousin decided to come to India. They had been told in the United States that it would cost 150,000 dollars to 200,000 dollars for an operation. But in India, it cost only about 20,000 dollars.”

India started new system because it wanted to improve the health economy in it; moreover, India took this challenge and started the process they provide a new type of visa they called "medical visas", so people who want to come to India to take the medical service they should have this type of visa. For example, “foreign patients and those who accompanied them, such visas are valid for a year, but can be extended if doctors issue certificates.” according to Hanada.

Every year, India provides a lot of India doctors; for this result a lot of them go outside India to take advantage in the US and Britan. “India, whose population is know for its scientific and mathematic skills, is thus became “ a medical power,” according to Handa.

Private health service in India is know as perfect cheep and high quality of medical care, but on the other side India has a lot of problems in the public health service. A lot of doctors who work in the public service changed to the private service and some of them work outside the country because of the bad income salary. “ At AIIMS Hospital, 75 doctors have resigned over than past 10 years. The biggest reason for them to leave is the poor salary,” according to Hanada. More doctors left them jobs in the public service, which, makes India, face a serious problem, especially with poor Indian people; according to the World Heath Organization, the number of doctors in India stand at 645.825. The number of doctors per 1.000 people is 0.6”.

In conclusion, India has a lot of things to become the “medical power”, but they should provide good public service for the Indian people or at least let them go to the private hospital and pay lower prices than foreign people because Indian people don’t have insurance system. It is a good move from the government of India to improve the economy by opening the medical Tourism and they win the forging people, but someday they will lose the Indian people.

Yomiuri Shimbun (2007). Emerging India. The Daily Yomiuri(Tokyo). Retrieved August 6, 2007, from LexisNexis database.

Sunday, August 5, 2007

Great Lessons Of Life

Smile well and often, it makes people wonder what you’ve been up to.

Vision without action is a daydream. Action without vision is a nightmare.

Progress always involves risk. You can’t steal second with your foot on first.

Never let your memories be greater than your dreams.

Every success is built on the ability to do better than good enough.

What you do speaks so loudly that I cannot hear what you say.

Sometimes people don’t hear you until you scream…

A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ships are built for.

The most difficut thing for people to say in 25 words or less is good-bye.

Never get so busy making a living that you forget to make a life.

Life’s most persistent and urgent question is: What are you doing for others?

I use not only the brains I have, but all I can borrow.

Success is the ability to go from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm.

When you’re through changing, you’re through.

Don’t compromise yourself. You’re all you’ve got.

The person who would like to make his dreams come true must stay awake.

A strong, positive attitude will create more miracles than any wonder drug.

There is only one way to get anybody to do anything… That is by making the other person want to do it.

Experience is the hardest kind of teacher. It gives you the test first and the lesson afterward.

Wednesday, August 1, 2007

India population growth

According to the daily Yomiuri, Almas Ali senior adviser at the Population Foundation of India. India is a huge country; and there are about 1 billion Indian lived on it. In this article Yomiuri discuses some question with the senior adviser about the population growth change in India and it is; age structure a rare occurrence, optimistic, unemployment and the kind of negative problem effect on India. The adviser gives Yomiuri a lot of information about these questions that Hanada asked about it.

First, high growth rate, high birth rate and high death rate are the important three stages in the democratic evolution. “Because of birth and death rates are high, there is balance. This is the first stage” According to the adviser. Second 1950, was the most important year for India because India got independence. The first thing that the government does is improving the medical breakthrough. They discovered and they made antibiotics to facing the biggest problem in India since that time which is typhoid. The medical breakthroughs made in developed counties, “this knowledge could be replicated in Asia and Africa”. So all these thing affected and resulted in the population growth. Finally, government investment in health and education; they improve this tow thing. They focus in the women how they will acceptance the availability of contraceptives. With this steps Indian government try to focus on small and healthy families for the economic and social development. After all of these steps the growth rate in India has came down. 1951, growth rate come down but on the other side the population size was increasing, because the high proportion of young people on India. Growing number became up because the underdevelopment of the economic development. In Cairo, in1994, India change there strategy and they made new policy to control the population. Indian people want to accept contraceptive methods, but they didn’t know about it; the information is not available and the population function unable to provide it.

Underdevelopment of economy is the biggest problem in India. According to the adviser, “we have to try to implement vocational training and education, to catchup.” For example, India should have to process a system for the young, and also give them special program for the training; this plan will be the challenge for them.

India is an emerging country. “ India may become the global power in the not-too-distant future.” For example, India is one of the youngest countries in the world; “it has long-term repercussions on individual lives, health system, security demography, economy, and development,” according to Almas Ali.

Unemployed young people have an effect on the society and this has a negative effect on the problem of India. “I think about 30 persent of adolescent young people in India, and globally, are illiterate.” According to the adviser. For example, a lot of young Indian people have a problem; some of them are not properly utilized, and some of them could became the biggest liability.

Government of India should find anew system; India should planned to control the population rate; to provide a good economy for the Indian people because, more than 1 billion Indian lived in one country 90% of them they have lees income about 1$ every day, so we can see that the Indian people lived them country and work in other country. In this issue the government of India should spend the money that they have it in good way, they need to found new organization and program to tell the Indian people that they should stop the population and the overpopulation is not good for the country, also found new system to improved the economic.

Handa,Y,(2007,February 10). Emerging India; India most need new demographic challenges. The Daily Yomiuri, (Tokyo). Retrieved August 1, 2007 from LexisNexis data base

Disadvantages of Computer

It’s very common today to use the computer. However protecting our selves from the people who want to attack our PC’s is very important to us. There are some people; they are called self-Hackers, who can steal your identity information or personal information by going through your Internet connection. Even if you clear your browser history the information can be retrieved in seconds. There are a lot of disadvantages and advantages to using the computer in these days; computers make our lives easy, but we see that we buy expensive equipment for this easier life. There are a lot of disadvantages found with computer in these days.

By: Ahmed A.

The Ideal Family

Every person longs to have the kind of a family that is the ideal for him. When we talk of an ideal family, it means that it is the family that a person views to be perfect. Even in a person’s early years in life, admiration of different families starts and thus making one dream of having a family someday that is picture perfect for him. Although there are different forms of family that are being accepted and acknowledged, the choice still depends upon one's perspective. What kind of family then should a person have? There are three main characteristics that I deem to be essential in having an ideal family. First, it must have a traditional style. Second, it must have only two to three children. Third,it must have religion.

A traditional family is a functional family in structure. “Every member has is own appropriated function” according to G. N.dime (n.d.) The father is delegated to find means for the whole family’s subsistence. He works and is known to be the bread winner of the family. He will provide the physiologic needs of family and fill the house with love, happiness, security and discipline. He is also the one who can be called the head in reference to problem solving and decision making. On the other hand, the mother has an extraordinary task in the family and that is to take care of the entire household; this means that she attends to the different needs of the family; she will be the one that wakes up early and sleeps late at night and is a role model in the house; she also has the responsibility of inculcating the best values in their children and giving them the best of care. The children have to take their education and help the mother to clean the house and in other basic household tasks. The traditional type of family is considered as an ideal type of family. The children, who are the center of care, love and attention must be instilled with good values because they are the pillars of the family. In this type of family, each has to function well and must do their part to make it an ideal family.

The choice of number of children varies with parents; others desire to have one child only, to focus on their care and attention and to securely provide all that they need. However, two or three children are providing to be the ideal one. This is based on practical and economical reasons like cost. Having a small number of children would provide great opportunity for education and experience in life. Giving a child an educational program these days costs big and giving him a perfect life costs even bigger. Having many children could cost them their ability to fulfill physical, emotional and mental needs in economic crises. Having Some children in the family opens opportunities.

An ideal is religious because believe in God is the foundation of a strong family and a wonderful home. It comprises a responsible father, loving mother and the obedient children. This means that having God at home is a perfect home for a family “in which joy, peace, kindness, gentleness, patience and love overflows” according to Sun Myung moon. As Rev. Sun Myung Moon would say, “The ideal family is the place of the eternal love of parents, the eternal love of husband and wife, and the eternal love of children centering upon God. Rev. Sun Myung Moon indeed captured the essence of an ideal family, which is beneficial to all because having God means good work” (n.d., para.10). God preaches people to be good and not mandated by evil.

Society will greatly benefit if all people will have this kind of family. In a structured family, even if the father is working, the mother can take care of the children and has the time to guide and teach them with values. Having only two to three children would entail a great chance in having all the people in a society to have proper education and a comfortable life. Finally, in a family that believes in God, people will surely do away from misconduct and evil deeds because the primary teaching of God is to do good to others.

In conclusion, the family that a person should have is the traditional family, having two to three children and believing in God in their lives. This is the best kind of a family; our society will have peace and harmony.


Diem, G. N..(n.d.) The Definition of "Family" in a Free Society. Retrieved July 29, 2007 from

Reverend Sun Myung Moon.(n.d.) Blessing and Ideal Family. Retrieved July 30, 2007 from

Characteristics of The Christian Family. (2005). . Retrieved July 31, 2007, from

Tuesday, July 31, 2007


Nobody thought 20 years ago that the computer would change our lives. It’s amazing how computers can change it. These days, the computer is the most important thing in this life; computer has became a daily thing for the human being. Computers makes our lives easy. In the past the life was kind of hard; no computer, that means a lot of hand work, a lot of wasted time. For example, in the past if you wanted to take some money from the bank, you had to go stand in a long line in a branch and wait to take some money out or deposit money into your account. When the computers came, life definitely changed; it became easier;in a few seconds you can get what you want.

By Ahmed A.